The following are standard leads in general use and if adhered to will give information about the holding of unseen cards and will allow the use of the rule of 11.


Against NT contracts


Choice of Suit. 


Choice of Card. 

            AKQ(x)  AKJ(x)  AQJ(x)  JT9(x)




Against Suit Contracts


Choice of Suit.


Choice of Card. 

            AK(x)  KQ(x)  QJ(x) QJT(x)  but from QJxx  and JTxx

            KJxx  Qxxx  but NOT from an unsupported A unless partner has bid the suit.